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Jul 2019, Vol 7, Issue 3
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An Evidence-Based Glance at Domestic Violence Phenomenon in Early Marriages: A Narrative Review
Niloufar Sattarzadeh1, Azizeh Farshbaf Khalili2, Tayebeh Hatamian Maleki3
1Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2Institute of Aging, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Research Center, Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

IJWHR 2019; 7: 246-254
DOI: 10.15296/ijwhr.2019.42
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Keywords : Dating violence, Dating abuse, Teenage marriage, Intimate partner violence
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Objectives: Teenage marriage results in social, cultural, and economic problems including domestic violence. Based on research evidence, the present study attempted to provide a documentary image of domestic violence in early marriages.

Materials and Methods: This study was conducted by searching different databases such as Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Science Direct, PubMed, Scientific Information Database, Google Scholar, Magiran, Irandoc, and Iranmedex for articles which were published during 2000-2018. To this end, MeSH keywords like ?dating violence?, ?intimate partner violence (IPV)?, ?teenage marriage?, and ?domestic violence? were utilized and thus a total of 176 articles were obtained and selected for review. Finally, the ?Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluations? (GRADE) approach was used to order the quality of evidence.

Results: Based on the findings, the general prevalence of domestic violence varies from 7% to 48% in the world and from 10.7% to 93% in Iran. IPV is more prevalent in younger women and psychological and physical violence is higher in this group. In addition, the prevalence of domestic violence in pregnancy varies from 2% to 43.5%. Women experience more violence in three months pre-pregnancy, during the first six months of pregnancy, and three months after childbirth. During pregnancy, domestic violence is related to the complications of preterm labor, low birth weight, vaginal bleeding, and hospitalization. Eventually, depression, panic attacks, excessive alcohol use, eating disorders, and suicidal thoughts are mental health disorders resulted from domestic violence.

Conclusions: Overall, young women are the sacrifice of violence in their most active years of life, which is along with the most harm in society concerning health, economics, cultural, and social issues. Considering its high rate, teenage marriage can be prevented by increasing public awareness and the cooperation of related organizations.

Supplementary Materials
Table S1. Characteristics of studies that examined IPV in adolescence from 2000 to 2018

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